PROTECTION OF WOMEN IN INDIA
Kavibharathi S., Dr. Ambedkar Government Law College, Chennai
The world is nothing without women. It’s universal truth and it was accepted by all. But still, the women facing many severe problems in their day to day life. Especially in India, many women are in so much of troubles. Crimes against women is increasing rapidly in India. In this essay, we are going to discuss about problems which are being faced by women and solutions for their problems.
PROBLEMS FACED BY WOMEN
In India, many women facing severe troubles in their daily life. Minor problems such as Eve teasing, Trafficking, Voyeurism, Child abuse, harassment etc.,
Major problems such as Sexual harassment, Rape, Gang rape, Dowry, Domestic violence and other physical violence.
The children and the students those who are girls are suffering due to lack of protection in our society. Our society also changing its nature in accordance with time, law also doing the same mistake. Due to the lack of strict laws, the women society facing many issues in their daily life. Sexual harassment of children is one of the rapidly increasing severe crime in this decade. The main reason behind these offences is social media.
Due to the development of technology, social media has been misused by us. Due to the sudden growth of social media, crimes reached it Hight. Social media is the main reason for the increasing of crimes against women, female children and students because they are misused by some offenders who are like a poisonous insect. Virally, some social media such as Facebook, WhatsApp, Musical.ly and other websites severely attacking the mental abilities of children as well as students.
Infant abuse is one of the most and worst behavior which is done by some wild minded men.
SOLUTIONS GIVEN BY LAW
If there is a problem, definitely there will be a solution. Our Indian Penal law told about punishments for all offences and crimes. Especially for crimes against women. Crimes and its IPC sections are as follows.
- 304-B – Dowry death
- 326-A – Voluntarily causing grievious hurt using acid.
- 326-B – Punishment for attempting of acid attack.
- 354 – Assault or criminal force to women with intent to outrage the modesty.
- 354-A – Sexual harassment and its punishment
- 354-B – Assault or criminal force to women with intent to disrobe.
- 354-C – Voyeurism.
- 354-D – Stalking.
- 372 – Selling of minor girl for the purpose of prostitution and its punishment.
- 373 – Buying of minor girl for the purpose of prostitution and its punishment.
- 376 – Punishment for Rape.
- 376-C – Sexual intercourse by a person in authority.
- 376-D – Punishment for Gang rape.
- 498-A – Cruelty by husband or relatives of husband.
- 509 – Insult the modesty of women by sign, gestures etc.,
These are the solutions which are given by Indian penal law. Also, many other provisions have been made for the protection of women. They are as follows.
- PROHIBITION OF CHID MARRIAGE ACT – 1929
This act had fixed the age of marriage for girls at 14 years and boys at 18 years which later amended to 18 for girls and 21 for boys. This provision explains about the child marriage, preventive methods, and punishments for the child marriage.
- PROTECTION OF WOMEN FROM DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ACT – 2005
Domestic violence contains physical abuse, sexual abuse, verbal and emotional abuse and economic abuse. This provision gives an extra support to women for their protection.
- SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (prevention, prohibition and redressal) ACT – 2013
Many women are suffering due to the sexual harassment at workplace. It includes
- Actual or attempted rape or sexual assault.
- Unwanted deliberate touching or pinching.
- Unwanted sexual teasing, jokes or questions.
- Whistling at someone.
- Kissing sounds, howling and smacking lips.
- Touching an employee’s clothing hair or body.
After the case of Vishaka and others Vs State of Rajasthan, this provision was activated.
- IMMORAL TRAFFIC PREVENTION ACT – 1956
The main aim of this act is to combat human trafficking and sexual exploitation for commercial purposes. This act provides detailed provisions in relation to the offences of prostitution, pimping, trafficking, sexual exploitation of women and children and constitutes authorities at state and Centre to combat the same.
- DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT – 1961
Dowry was a social evil which had its roots deep in the Indian culture that awareness and protests could not remove it. Thus, came the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 which turned out to be a huge relief for many women in India.
These are some important provisions for the protection of women in India. Inspite of those provisions, there is no complete solutions for their problems till now.
WAY TO PROTECT WOMEN APART FROM LAW
Only Law won’t protect the women or female children. Due to the lack of knowledge about such kind of behavior to children leads to problems. Parents have responsibilities to teach about such kind of knowledge to their children. Some others solutions to protect women are: –
- To protect themselves, they need to learn Marital arts, because it will give some confident to female children as well as women and parents.
- Motivational speech will be given to their children by parents and also, they need to inspire their children by giving Self-confident.
- The women as well as people need to learn law.
Finally, I conclude that Crimes will reduce, if the punishment is severe. Penal law needs to be amended as Strong and strict. Fierce punishments for sexual harassment and rape is needed
“RESPECT THE WOMEN, PROTECT THE WOMEN”